NELA Amicus Briefs

NELA Amicus Brief: Frappied, et al v. Affinity Gaming Black Hawk, LLC (10th Cir.) 

06-11-2019 01:28 AM

On June 6, 2019 NELA and The NELA Institute filed an amicus brief in the United States Court of Appeals for the 10th Circuit (10th Cir. Case No. 0:19-cv-01063). NELA and The NELA Institute filed this brief in support of the Plaintiffs, challenging the district court decision that the Plaintiffs, older female employees fired by management while younger women and older men remained, failed to state a claim under Title VII. The district court ruled in contradiction to longstanding jurisprudence, both in the Supreme Court and the circuits, who have long held that discrimination on the basis of sex plus an additional factor (“sex plus”) is discrimination on the basis of sex under Title VII.

The amicus brief, written by NELA member Darold Killmer (CO) and Liana Orshan (CO), argues that the district court not only ignored the legal precedent of “sex plus” claims, but also failed to recognize the sociological impact that the intersection of sex and age have on older female workers. Contrary to the district court’s contention that the Plaintiffs failed to state a claim of sex discrimination because all women were not affected, courts regularly recognize “sex plus” claims as evidence of discrimination on the basis of sex. Additionally, sociological studies have shown time and time again that older women are subject to discrimination based solely on negative stereotyping.

As the amicus brief aptly concludes, “Intersectional discrimination based on sex plus age therefore is—and must be—as illegal as any other type of sex plus discrimination under Title VII. Finding otherwise is against the weight of the law as developed over the past 50 years and flies in the face of what actually happens at discriminatory American workplaces.”


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